Protein synthesis is the process whereby dna encodes for the production of amino acids and proteins it is a very complex and precise process and as proteins make up over half of the dry mass of a cell, it is a vital process to the maintenance, growth and development of the cell proteins are widely. Short answer, essay questions, and genetics problems, the point values from previous transcription (b) is a dna sequence to which rna polymerase binds (c) is a dna sequence to which type i or type ii restriction endonucleases bind (d) is the location where dna replication begins (e) is an initiation factor in the process of translation. Dna structure, replication, transcription and translation dna structure, replication, transcription and translation dna replication the process of making identical copies of dna before cell division central dogma ap biology essay question dna (tab 4) search latest blog posts. Transcription involves the synthesis of rrna from dna using rna polymerase • rna polymerase must unpair and unwind dna as it is reading it • much less accurate than replication errors of 1 in 10.
Below is an essay on biology: translation and transcription from anti essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples first off, genes provide the instructions for making specific proteins. Dna replication transcriptio n d complete the table below reviewing the process of translation process what organel le is instrument al in the what nucleotide bases are involved. Replication occurs in preparation for cell division and transcription happens in preparation for a protein translation essay question 2) describe the various types of nucleic acids that are typically found in cells.
Chapter 7 essay questions 1 show the direction of replication of the new strands and explain what the lagging and leading strands are b) explain how this is semiconservative replication describe protein synthesis (transcription and translation) explain the roles of chromosomal dna, messenger rna,. We followed the dna strand and attached the rna nucleotides accordingly (complementary to the template strand of the dna) we then simulated protein synthesis by encoding the mrna (translation) we positioned the rna horizontally in a 5’ƒ 3′ fashion and uncoded the rna 3 nitrogenous bases make up one codon. This process is done through dna replication which requires transcription and translation processes during replication, the dna unwinds, as aided by the dna polymerase, and generates two identical dna molecules. Prokaryotic initiation similarities between dna replication and dna transcription before we begin our discussion on prokaryotic transcription, it is helpful to first point out some similarities and differences between the process of dna replication and dna transcription.
Help i've been slapped with this heavyweight essay question: compare and contrast dna replication, transcription and translation in eukaryotic cells. Enzymes 361 define enzyme and active site enzymes: globular proteins which act as catalysts of chemical reactions active site: region on the surface of an enzyme to which substrates bind and which catalyses a chemical reaction involving the substrates 362 explain enzymesubstrate specificity the active site of an enzyme is very specific to its substrates as it has a very precise shape. Practice exam 1 exam #1 gene expression mcb 201 d replication, transcription and translation 12 the synthesis of rna and dna have a number of features in common but there is one big difference part iii : answer one short essay question in the blue book provided (you may choose which one to answer) 1 discuss the three roles of.
View essay - 305 dna replication essay from biology 4 44 at mast academy transcription is defined as the process in which the information contained in a strand of dna is copied to a molecule of. Translation, the second part of the central dogma of molecular biology, describes how the genetic code is used to make amino acid chains in this lesson, explore the mechanics involved in. Dna replication / transcription / translation the last two questions, c and d a briefly discuss how mutations to dna can occur and what the effects mutations may cause a permanent change in the dna sequence occurs while this happens the mutations alters the amino acid sequence the process is a permanent change in the [. Overview of transcription transcription is the first step in gene expression, many processes, such as dna replication and transcription, can only take place in one particular direction relative the the directionality of a dna or rna strand dna replication and rna transcription and translation transcription and mrna processing.
Potential essay exam questions explain how complementary base pairing is used in replication, transcription and translation  5) draw and label a simple diagram to show how dna is constructed from sugars, phosphates and bases  6) outline the. Dna transcription the process of transcription is where a copy of a gene is made within dna to use as rna it is located in the nucleus of eukaryotes and in the nucleoid of prokaryotes it is located in the nucleus of eukaryotes and in the nucleoid of prokaryotes. Dna replication transcription and translation biology essay chapter 5 this chapter briefly outlines the concept of dna replication and intends to make the reader understand how dna replicates itself. Transcription & translation 351 compare the structure of rna and dna dna and rna both consist of nucleotides which contain a sugar, a base and a phosphate group.
Below are samples of some dna replication, transcription and translation projects i have received in the past a cool poster on dna replication and protein synthesis using skittles to represent bases during replication, transcription and translation. Transcription and dna replication both involve the synthesis of nucleic acids these processes share many common features—particularly, the similar processes of initiation, elongation, and termination. Transcription is the process of making a copy of the dna strand of the organism translation transfers the information to the different sites with the help of mrna the genetic coding is expressed and controlled throughout the prokaryotic cell and determines each organism. What problems does the organization pose for transcription and replication 6 how is the structure of dna in the isolated 'nucleoid' related to that found in vivo.