Douglas mcgregor was an american social psychologist best known for theory x and theory y opposing assumptions about human behaviour behind every management decision or action building on abraham maslow’s hierarchy of needs , mcgregor set out two opposing assumptions about human nature and motivation. Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y were the foundation of the human side of enterprise theory x is based on a philosophy that does not treat employees as human beings and that is implemented by a dictatorial style of management. Theory x and theory y douglas mcgregor (1906 - 1964) is one of the forefathers of management theory and one of the top business thinkers of all time he was a social psychologist who became the president of antioch college. Mcgregor’s theory x and theory y are theories about human behavior and motivation in the organization that was published in 1960 by douglas mcgregor this theory divides workers and managers in the organization in two typical groups according to how managers lead their subordinates and respectively how subordinates behave.
Theory x and theory y study play douglas mcgregor proposed theory x and theory y to be recognized as motivational theories in developing managerial leadership theory x all employees do not want to work other than to maintain a standard of living management treats workers as units of production rather than recognizing them as human. Introductıon theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960 they describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation. Douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y in his 1960 management book, the human side of enterprise , douglas mcgregor made his mark on the history of organizational management and motivational psychology when he proposed the two theories by which managers perceive employee motivation. Douglas mcgregor: the legacy of theory x and theory y for many managers in the late 20th century, the idea that there was an alternative to the theory x approach to managing people was a bolt from the blue.
X and y theory presentation 1 mcgregor’s theory x and theory yby: michael mikurenda and daniel leonardi 2 mcgregor developed a philosophical view of humankind with his theory x and theory y in 1960. The first being theory y mangers and theory x managers (waddell, jones, george 2010, p49) in this essay i will elaborate more on the douglas mcgregor’s theory x and y as well as how the theory has added value in the methods of the management that manager’s today use to reach organizational goals. Social psychologist mcgregor’s theory-x and theory-yof mit expounded two contrasting theories on human motivation and management in the 1960s: the x theory and the y theorymcgregor promoted theory y as the basis of good management practice, pioneering the argument that workers are not merely cogs in the company machinery, as theory x-type organizations seemed to believe. Douglas mcgregor’s theory x and theory y biography of douglas mcgregor douglas mcgregor was born on 1906 in detroit, america in 1895, it was here that his grandfather, thomas mcgregor started his business and given its name as, mcgregor institute.
Rooted in the early industrial era, douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y contrasted two visions of the worker theory x, the accepted model at the time, assumed that workers were drones, without ambition or initiative who had to be punished and bullied by bosses to achieve results. In his book “the human side of enterprise” (1960), douglas mcgregor studied behavior patterns of individuals in the workplace, and formulated the x and y theory theory x : theory x suggests that individual's have an instilled dislike for work and try to avoid it. Based on the premises concerning human behaviour, prof douglas mcgregor put forward a theory of motivation, called as theory x and theory y theory x is a conventional approach to motivation, based on negative assumptions.
Theory x and theory y was created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s it describes two very different attitudes towards workforce motivation mcgregor felt that companies followed either one of these approaches. Douglas mcgregor's xy theory, managing an x theory boss, and william ouchi's theory z douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist, proposed his famous x-y theory in his 1960 book 'the human side of enterprise' theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies. Douglas mcgregor (1906 –1964) was a famous management professor in the field of personal development and motivational theory he is best known for his development of the theory x and theory y , a leadership theory on two different leadership styles. The theory x and theory y management styles were introduced by douglas mcgregor in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise he identified two distinct approaches to management and labeled. Mcgregors theory x and y in the 1960’s, douglas murray mcgregor, a famous mit professor of management wrote a book named “the human side of enterprise” in which he analyzed the various behaviors of professionals at workthere are two theories, ie (theory x and theory y), introduced in the book and are known for management and human motivation.
Douglas mcgregor's theory x and theory y have both their advantages and disadvantages, though many would prefer to call them their strengths and weaknesses the biggest advantage of using theory x and theory y is that they are easy to understand. One psychologist, douglas mcgregor, categorized people’s motivations into two broad categories: theory x and theory y theory x and theory y were developed in the 1960’s and describe two different, almost opposite, attitudes to motivation in the workplace. Theory x and theory y were first introduced in the early work of douglas mcgregor mcgregor’s work made a significant impact on managerial thought it appeared at a time when the behavioral sciences were playing an increasing role in how managers thought about their work it was a period. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book ‘the human side of enterprise’ this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management.
In the book the human side of enterprise, mcgregor identified an approach of creating an environment within which employees are motivated via authoritative direction and control or integration and self-control, which he called theory x and theory y, respectively. Douglas mcgregor suggested that organisations manage employees based on their view of what employees are like he asserted that these view have two extremes, theory x and theory y. Unlike in theory x, douglas mcgregor starts from the assumption in theory y that people have different needs theory y assumes that people are inherently happy to work , they want to exert themselves and they are motivated to pursue objectives.