Utilitarianism is impartial in the way that no one-person's well being has any greater moral significance than anyone else's well being this impartiality is most definitely a strength for the theory of utilitarianism because it brings about equanimity of happiness for everyone. In positive utilitarianism the promotion of happiness has the same ethical priority as the avoidance of suffering, as long as the contribution to total welfare is the same in negative utilitarianism the promotion of happiness has less (or even no) priority as compared to the avoidance of suffering. Over the years, the principle of utilitarianism has been expanded and refined so that today there are many variations of the principle for example, bentham defined benefits and harms in terms of pleasure and pain john stuart mill, a great 19th century utilitarian figure, spoke of benefits and harms not in terms of pleasure and pain alone but. Weaknesses of utilitarianism 1 rs: ethics: utilitarianism weaknesses/ disadvantages of utilitarianism utilitarian arguments depend on predicting the results of an action, but you can never know all the consequences of your actions.
Although utilitarianism has a larger scope than kantianism, it is a more timely process the decision-making method of calculating all of the potential costs and benefits of an action is extremely time consuming and leaves little time for promoting happiness, which is the utilitarian’s goal (bennett 63. Definition of utilitarianism utilitarianism, at its most basic, states that something is moral, or good when it produces the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of peopleit's a. Natural law has no serious weaknesses essay sample natural law does contain serious weaknesses, first of all it may be regarded as idealistic aquinas says that humans have a “tendency to do good and avoid evil”, however provides no basis for this assumption and no evidence to back it up.
Question 1: a) explain how a follower of natural law theory might approach the issues surrounding abortion  b) 'natural law has no serious weaknesses' discuss [10. Basic strengths and weaknesses of natural law main strengths of natural law: rational - being based on reason alone shouldn't be a strength of nl, because the other theories are mostly based on reason too and they don't get the leg-up of having that as one of their advantages. The consumers were happy because they found compensation and so was the shareholders however this means that the faulty cars could have caused an accident and this makes utilitarianism a lesser consumer friendly ethical theory. Weakness consequences – sometimes consequences can be so severe that rule breaking may be necessary inflexible – it should be acceptable to break an unhelpful rule if the situation warrants it.
Deontological ethics there are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of jeremy bentham (1748-1832) and john stuart mill (1806-1873. John rawls (1921—2002) john rawls was arguably the most important political philosopher of the twentieth century he wrote a series of highly influential articles in the 1950s and ’60s that helped refocus anglo-american moral and political philosophy on substantive problems about what we ought to do. In conclusion, although utilitarianism is useful as a good guide for deciding on ethical dilemmas, it has a number of serious weaknesses that make it somewhat impractical and at times an unmoral method of decision-making. Utilitarianism is a teleological theory which looks at the consequences of an act to decide whether it is right or wrong there are lots of strengths to utilitarianism and not many weaknesses. Utilitarianism strengths weaknesses happiness – it seems right that happiness is given intrinsic value how can happiness be a bad thing other goods – ‘happiness’ is not the only thing that is of intrinsic worth for example, love, human life, freedom.
Because the situation has changed, and liking the person is no longer beneficial to the most people in rule utilitarianism, there is the possibility of conflicting rules. The hedon machine weakness states that we don't actively pursue pleasure alone - this is a very primal and callous view of humanity if businesses seek pleasure alone, they may exploit people and use immoral means to reach pleasure, which can damage reputation. Utilitarianism states that people should but where a very serious moral choice has to be made, or in unusual circumstances, individuals may well think hard about the consequences of particular. Utilitarianism (bentham and john s mill) -universalized hedonism (and egoism)- jeremy bentham bentham was known as the founder and advocate for the famous utilitarianism.
Since we can no longer appeal to theological authority to resolve moral disputes, and since no body of traditional belief can now hope to secure universal assent, the only way in which we can have a chance of achieving moral consensus is through reasoned agreement. These are two desirable things as utilitarianism says that pleasure is the sole good and pain is the sole evil, “nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters-pleasure and pain. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility utility is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities jeremy bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved in the action. My revision notes: ocr as religious studies: religious ethics ‘natural law has no serious weaknesses’ discuss [ í ì] explain how entham’s version of utilitarianism can be used to decide the right course of action  explain utilitarianism.
A summary of chapter 2: what utilitarianism is (part 2) in john stuart mill's utilitarianism learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of utilitarianism and what it means perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Kant's ethical theory of the categorical imperative presents more weaknesses than it does strengths the categorical imperative is a deontological approach to ethics that does not factor in potential consequences of an action. No political philosopher has ever accepted utilitarianism this includes but john rawls and robert nozick, the two most famous political philosophers of the 20 th century, despite their widely diverging approaches to political philosophy.
'kant's ethical theory has no serious weaknesses' discuss (10) -kant's ethical theory is flawed and invalid - serious weaknesses - places obligation and duty as reason for acting morally, free will and rationality are central to theory and can be challenged, does not accept exceptions. Contexts (rule utilitarianism)we can decide,for example,that telling a specific lie is justified in one situation (to protect a trade secret) but, as a general rule, believe that lying is wrong because it causes more harm than good. Discuss it could be argued that kant’s ethical theory does indeed have no serious weaknesses kantian ethics treats all people as autonomous beings, which means they are not constrained to the rules of society or to the rules of a “god.